In April 2018, President Trump issued an Executive Order calling for stricter enforcement of the federal government’s “Buy American” laws. These laws have been on the books for several decades and generally require that the federal government purchase goods and materials manufactured in the United States, with some laws also applying to certain state and local government purchases. Specifically, the Buy America Act applies to public-transportation purchases and requires that all iron, steel, and manufactured products must be from the United States, and 60% of the components of rolling stock (busses and rail cars) must be from the United States. The Executive Order in part directed federal agencies to develop policies to strengthen enforcement of the Buy American laws, and based on the deadlines in the Order, those new policies should be forthcoming.
In a world of global supply chains, compliance with Buy America has become increasingly complicated. For example, we represented AnsaldoBreda, an Italian railcar manufacturer (now Hitachi Rail), in its successful bid for the replacement fleet of Miami-Dade County’s Metrorail system. For that particular project, special approval was required (and obtained) to construct the vehicles in the United States, ship them to Italy for initial testing, and then ship them back to Miami for final testing. Fortunately, that project has successfully moved forward, and the first new Hitachi train entered service for Miami-Dade County just last week. Continue Reading